IS DOMAIN NAME?
A domain name is essentially your website’s equivalent to a physical address. In the same way, a GPS needs a street address, a web browser needs a domain name to direct you to a website.
Example-Facebook.com consists of the website name(Facebook) and the domain name extension (.com). It is a series of numbers that identify a particular computer on the internet.
HOW DOMAIN NAME WORK?
When you enter a domain name in your web browser,
it first sends a request to a global network of servers that form the Domain Name System (DNS). These servers lookup for the name servers associated with the domain.
For example, if your website is hosted on BLUEHOST , then its nake server information will be like this:
ns1 .bluehost. com
ns2 .bluehost. com
WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF A DOMAIN?
Domains work on more than one level. They include both a top-level domain and a second level domain.while the top-level domain is essential for a domain to function, it’s also less exciting than the second-level domain. The exciting thing about domains is that you can choose almost any name you want as your second-level domain.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF DOMAIN NAME-
1.TLD – TOP LEVEL DOMAINS
2.ccTLD – COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAINS
3.gTLD – GENERIC TOP LEVEL DOMAIN
4.IDN cc TLD – INTERNATIONAL COUNTRY CODE TOP LEVEL DOMAINS